There were rains during winter and it was a tough time for the clay-made houses of Egypt. Homes also had flat roofs that people could sleep on at night. Ancient Egypt only had two seasons, winter and summer. The most important economic activities of the people here are fishing, oil extraction, and mining. The geography helped Egypt develop in some ways. Egyptian culture and daily life revolved around the river because it brought the different seasons. Egypt receives very little annual precipitation that also decreases from north to south. The midday temperatures in June range from 33 °C at Cairo to 41 °C at Aswan. The Nile River is the longest river in the world. Towards the northern slopes of these plateaus are dome-shaped hills that give way to a series of parallel sand dunes, some of which are over 300 ft in elevation. People and cargo could travel quickly along the Nile River in boats. Egypt's boundaries also include the Sinai Peninsula. Nile River is one of the best sites in Egypt. One ingredient in the kohl was also a disinfectant. Egyptian Geography Indian Geography Images Topography Very Simple geography consisting of the Nile Valley and bounded on the south, east and west by a impenetrable desert, and on the north by the sea; Egyptians divided the land into two types: The "black land" - fertile land on the banks of the Nile, black silt was deposited there every year after the Nile flooded. Almost all of Egypt's land is covered in desert and there are hardly any trees to see for miles. Geography And Climate : Ancient Egypt 1443 Words 6 Pages Location, Geography and Climate Ancient Egypt is known to have been the world’s longest lasting civilization due to their unique climatic and geographic conditions, a stable hierarchical society of government, and a religion that revolves around death and afterlife. The desert arises abruptly from the eastern banks of the Nile valley as a rolling sandy highland which then continues for about 80 to 137 km and then gives way to the Red Sea Hills. These are called the khamsins. -I can learn a lot about the Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt. Nasa Image of Egypt and the Nile River. The Nile River played an important role in shaping the lives and society of Ancient Egypt. Egypt is larger than New Mexico and Texas put together. This thin strip of land was kept fertile by the Nile river flooding, which left lots of fertile silt. These were a source of copper, gold, The Nile River . By Evie Think of Ancient Egypt for a moment, the first that comes to your mind may be the grand pyramids, the sphinx, and perhaps the dusty deserts. Egypt is located on the African continent. Egypt is located in northern Africa and shares borders with Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. The peninsula has a highly varied landscape from north to south. During ancient times, the country was filled with sand deserts, and … Homes also had flat roofs that people could sleep on at night. It was dry, barren, and simply hot. The main geographic features include the Sahara Desert and the Nile River. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. Conclusion. 3 Important Geographical Features about Egypt. Lower Egypt is the northern part of the land and Upper Egypt is the southern part. Deserts are extremely dry. The Nile River in Ancient Egypt helped agriculture develop because it provided a water source, to grow crops. This allowed ancient Egyptians to plant and harvest their crops. To protect against a famine, the pharaoh would store grain. This also kept them near the Nile river as it was the only place that was good for farming. The pharaoh, the king of Egypt, wore the most makeup. The Ancient Egyptians used this land for farming. This allowed the civilization to thrive even in the hot, dry desert. It is the lifeline of the country and allowed the Egyptian civilization to flourish despite the location of the country in the highly arid north African desert area. The Nile provided the Ancient Egyptians with food,transportation, building materials, and more. This site covers the history of ancient civilizations for students in primary or secondary schools. Egypt is a transcontinental country. Traditional home of the roaming Bedouin, most of Egypt's landmass is comprised of flat, mostly featureless desert, supportive of minimal vegetation. In the east to west direction, the desert extends from the Nile River valley to the coasts of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez. Farmers would give around 60% of their grain to the pharaoh. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt. In Egypt there are many geographic features, these effect the daily life of people who live and lived in Egypt. Egypt was hot and a big dessert with harsh weather but the Nile allowed them to live. Egypt is also bright and sunny throughout the year. They have a lot of similarities and differences. Most of Egypt is part of the Sahara Desert. March to June is also the time when several sandstorms and dust storms sweep through the country. The geography had a large impact on The geography of ancient Egypt helped agriculture develop because agriculture depended on … The elevation of the Western Desert is the highest in the southeast at the Al-Jilf al-Kabīr plateau (3,300 ft). Mesopotamia desert is surrounded by desert to provides protection and resources for the buildings. The Current essay endeavored to illustrate how geography has impacted the development of ancient cultures including India, Mesopotamia, Egypt… It prevented invaders from crossing the scorching climate. Their houses, clothing, and makeup allowed people to live comfortably in Ancient Egypt. Finally, the plateau ends in the uninhabitable and virtually impassable Qattara Depression. Geography and climate had an influence on the formation of government in ancient Egypt and ancient Mesopotamia. Egypt is a fascinating country, well-known across the world for the ancient Egyptian civilization that was well ahead of its time and highly advanced both in terms of of knowledge and technology. The area covered by the desert is 680,650 square km. I don't think that you directly relate the deserts to the grand sculptures though, besides the fact that they are both mostly made of sand. Facts about the Nile River. Ancient Egypt was much like Egypt today in terms of climate and surroundings. From around 3200 B.C. Both items were made out of linen cloth. :) Contact; Facts. Vents were built into the walls to keep the houses cool. Without the Nile, Egyptians would have had a tough time growing crops because they would have had a small amount of water. Geography . Geography and Climate The Nile River has always been the determining socio-geographical feature of Egypt. The major cities were located along the Nile, so almost all transportation happened on the river. The southern part of the Sinai Peninsula features rugged mountains including the tallest mountain of Egypt, the 8,668 ft tall Mount Catherine. Summers were arid and very hot and lasted from May until October Climate, Geography, Food Important People Kingdoms Hieroglyphics Survey Ancient Egypt had many vast, sandy deserts, and because there was very little water in the desert, people lived only in the areas that were near the Nile. The dryness of the climate facilitated the construction of mud houses. Several wadis also dissect these mountain chains. Men wore white linen kilts called shenti. Egypt has a well known climate. Ancient Egyptian Geography Egypt is located in the north western region of Africa, with the Mediterranean Sea to the north and a mountain range to its south. This programme explores the captivating civilisation of Ancient Egypt, with a focus on the critical importance of the country's geography. (interactive) Ancient Egypt Maps. Third the Egypt desert is surrounded by desert provides protection and resources for the building. Occupying about two-thirds of the area of Egypt, the Western Desert natural region is a massive stretch of arid land extending from the western banks of the Nile to Egypt’s borders with Libya. The Nile is a north-flowing river that flows through the Nile valley in Egypt and ends up in a large delta on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. How did the geography of ancient Egypt help agriculture develop? The midday temperatures in June range from … So, while Alexandria along the Mediterranean coast receives an annual average precipitation of 175 mm, Cairo in the Nile delta receives 25 mm and Aswan in the interior receives almost a negligible precipitation of 2.5 mm. The climate of Egypt is very hot and dry. The perfume and oils they put on their bodies protected their skin from the hot sun and dry air of Egypt. This region was a major route for humans from Africa. Egypt is mostly desert, with a thin strip of fertile land down the length of the Nile river. A delta is an area where a river separates into many smaller rivers before it empties into a larger body of water. Mothers would put kohl on their babies’ eyes right after they were born. Today, Egypt is a country located on the continent of Africa. Also dependent on the Egypt and Mesopotamia's rivers transportation, farming, fishing, culture, gathering and trades are good and helpful. These looked like long dresses draped over one or both shoulders. Civilization flourished along the fertile banks of the longest river of Africa, enjoying the protection of a vast desert to the west and that of desert and mountains to the east. Flax plants grew along the banks of the Nile River. An area of sandy ridges with stony tracts in between characterize the landscape of the Western Desert that stretches from the south of the Qattara Depression towards the Libyan border. Their homes were made out of dried mud bricks. The area in Egypt where most of the people live is around the water. In addition to rarity of rain, extreme heat during summer months is also a general climate feature of Egypt although daytime temperatures are more moderated along the northern coast Geographical Coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E World Region or Continent: Africa General Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta Geographical Low Point: Qattara Depression -133 m Geographical High Point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m Climate: … Nomadic herders and traders are found in the rest of the desert area. Slaves in Egypt often worked naked. Both men and women in Ancient Egypt wore makeup. There were no major roads. The coastline of the delta extends from Port Said to Alexandria for 240 km. This forced the tribes to settle nearer and nearer to the Nile river since it started becoming the main source of fresh water in Egypt. The geography of Egypt is very unique and it is interesting to study how the ancient Egyptians made the best use of the river Nile to build thriving and prosperous settlements in an otherwise parched desert land with extremes of temperature. This is a model of a boat that would have traveled down the Nile in Ancient Egypt. Now you know was how geography affected many ancient civilizations and … This information allowed them to create a calendar with 365 days. Geography and climate of Egypt can be confusing, while It's cold and wet in Alexandria, it can be extremely hot in Aswan but in general Egypt weather dry cold in the winter and hot at the summer days with a little of dusty wind on the fall, you'll find the country has land borders Libya to the west ,Sudan to the south, Palestine to the north east ,northern border by the white sea coast and the red sea coast by … Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt are both ancient civilization. The harsh climate pushed the early Egyptian tribes toward the Nile River Valley, where the long, strong river kept the surrounding areas lush and green through regular flooding. The Nile flooded at the same time every year when the snow from the highlands of Ethiopia melted and filled the river. Second, the Egypt's climate is hot and vey dry climate. Geography. The winters in Egypt are mild and cool with temperatures in January varying between 9 and 23 °C at Aswan and 9 and 18 °C at Alexandria. In addition to rarity of rain, extreme heat during summer months is also a general climate feature of Egypt although daytime temperatures are more moderated along the northern coast The Mediterranean Sea forms Egypt's northern border, bringing cooler weather to the seaboard city of Alexandria and providing a coastal getaway for Cairo's residents. For example, to irrigate their crops, the Egyptians scooped out bowl-shaped holes or basins to store water from the Nile. This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the Nile flooded. North of depression, the plateau ends in the narrow coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Egypt geography was centered around the Nile River. This programme explores the captivating civilisation of Ancient Egypt, with a focus on the critical importance of the country's geography. The Sinai Peninsula, an important feature of the geography of Egypt, is a wedge-shaped section of land between the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Gulf of Suez in the south. The climate that Ancient Rome had was a Mediterranean climate, in the summer it would be warm and in the winter it would be cold. The highest point in Egypt is Mount Catherine at 8,625 feet (2,629 m), while its lowest point is the Qattara … Geography Coursework: The river Cray Pages: 13 (3698 words) Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian Civilization Pages: 4 (913 words) Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus Valley Pages: 3 (796 words) Egypt and Mesopotamia Pages: 3 (653 words) Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Pages: 3 (898 words) Maritime industry Pages: 44 (13122 words) It is a hot, sandy, sunny place. The climate of this part of the continent, which has varied from time to time, has played a major role in how humans have moved and interacted through the millennia. Egypt has a well known climate. This water causes many different plants to grow. Its topography consists mainly of desert plateau but the eastern part is cut by the Nile River valley. The people who did not live near the Nile obviously depended on rain. Although the Eastern Desert of Egypt is quite inhospitable because of its rugged terrain and lack of water resources, it is rich in natural resources like oil, gold, uranium, asbestos, phosphate, manganese, etc. While completing the page, the class will discuss Ancient Egypt's geography. The central area of the peninsula has two plateaus, namely, the Al-ʿAjmah and the Al-Tīh. Life can thrive in Egypt because of the Nile River. He could then give the grain to people during a famine. The Eastern Desert natural region of Egypt occupies an area of 221,900 square km that is roughly equivalent to one-fourth of the total area of the country. The former lasts from May to September and features extremely high temperatures throughout the inland areas of the country. Topics for discussion: Egypt; Africa The Nile valley region between Aswan and Cairo is cultivable but the width of the cultivable land varies throughout the length of the river and ranges between 8 and 16 km. The 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. Humidity is quite high along the Mediterranean coast of Egypt and in summer, the conditions can be quite oppressive. The construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1970 has made provisions for perennial irrigation, allowing crops to be grown throughout the year. Two seasons can be clearly demarcated, the summer and the winter season. Southern Mesopotamia has hot summers and little -"How am I supposed to write about this?!" The Nile provided the Ancient Egyptians with food,transportation, building materials, and more. Join us, ancient explorers, as we head 5,000 years back in time to discover fascinating facts about Ancient Egypt, from its ancient beginnings to Egypt today… Discover facts about Ancient Egypt below or skip to our facts about modern-day Egypt. Women wore dresses called kalasiris. Then, they would wear clothing similar to their parents. Geography Egypt is 386650 square miles of land and its highest point is 6668 feet and the lowest point is 436 feet below water. Rome would offend receive a lot of rain which was good for the growth of crops. They also divided the year into seasons based on the Nile River. Back to Home. The Nile delta, one of the major deltas of the world, occupies an area of 25,000 square km and stretches for a distance of about 160 km from Cairo to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The delta in Egypt provides water to a large area of land. Little has changed in the country's weather through the years. A wealthy person wore more makeup than a poor person. In ancient civilizations, geography affected them in so many ways, like the climate, resources, and the landscape that they use. The Impact of Geography on Egyptian Culture chapter of this Ancient Egypt Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the influence of geography on culture in ancient Egypt. In the spring the Tigris and Euphrates rivers overflow their banks, flooding great portions of the plain. Eye makeup was worn by both men and women. Ancient Egypt was a civilization in early North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River, positioned in the place that is now the country, Egypt. One of the most striking features of the geography of Egypt is its extreme climate. Egypt essentially has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).The climate is generally extremely dry all over the country except on the northern Mediterranean coast which receives rainfall in winter. When people don’t have enough food, it is called a famine. Wealthy people were able to wear ornate clothing while poor people wore simple clothing. Not only the Egyptians did, as the Greek historian Hero… Geography can influence the shaping of culture, religion, politics, and the economy of a country or a region. Egypt essentially has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).The climate is generally extremely dry all over the country except on the northern Mediterranean coast which receives rainfall in winter. The climates affect them because monsoons were offend common that brought heavy rain and wind to the area. The second depression is found farther north and contains the Al-Baḥriyyah and the Al-Farāfirah oases. One of the most striking features of the geography of Egypt is its extreme climate. Some of their most important gods are representations of the Nile, and the myths that are centered around more commonly known gods (such as Osiris and Isis) all play out either on the Nile itself or on its banks. Geography. Animals also live around the delta. Several brackish lagoons form on the coast of the delta. The climate of Egypt is very hot and dry. Climate In Ancient Egypt. From here, the plateau gradually slopes northeastward and forms the first depression that is occupied by the Al-Dākhilah and the Al-Khārijah oases. Geography . Occasionally, the Nile wouldn’t flood. Parts of this land receive enough rain for crops to grow. The Nile starts near the equator and travels north until it reaches the Mediterranean Sea. The climate to ancient Egypt — great lessons for curious kids of all ages with National Geographic. Such storms are accompanied by reduced levels of humidity and a sudden surge in temperature by about 8 to 11 °C. The people of Ancient Egypt built homes and wore clothes to help them keep cool in the hot sun. The geography of the area influenced where the Ancient Egyptians built most of their civilization. The 'red land' was the barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides. -To show one of the many historic structures of Ancient Egypt. This means that Egyptians don't/didn't have to add fertilizer. The way they structured their religion shows that the Egyptians viewed the Nile as the center of their world, the bringer of all life. Ancient Egyptian civilization flourished as a result of the Nile's nourishment. How did the geography of ancient Egypt help agriculture develop? The climate changed and started drying out, and thus the animals began to migrate elsewhere. Ancient Egyptian Climate. The area in Egypt where most of the people live is around the water. Egypt is part of the desert belt of North Africa and hence, low levels of precipitation and high variations in diurnal and seasonal temperatures characterize the climate of Egypt. Linen is a cloth made from the fibers of flax plants. Almost all of Egypt's land is covered in desert and there are hardly any trees to see for miles. Notice the eye makeup in this relief from Pharaoh Seti's tomb. I don't think that you directly relate the deserts to the grand sculptures though, besides the fact that they are both mostly made of sand. Vents were built into the walls to keep the houses cool. The climate is arid and dry, as the Great Sahara crosses the country. The Nile river valley was the life of the Egyptians Around the fertile farmlands (which Egyptians called the black land) was desert known as the red lands. The plants grew quickly and didn’t require much care. During the summer months, the sun shines brightly for 12 h a day while during the winter the sunshine lasts for 8 to 10 hours a day. From around 3200 B.C. It is over 4,100 miles long. Geography and Climate The Nile River has always been the determining socio-geographical feature of Egypt. The geography of ancient Egypt is divided into 4 main parts, although there are many other subdivisions. Animated video for kids, Ancient Egypt, how geography helped to build a civilization. onward Egypt, like Mesopotamia, became a powerful center of civilization in the ancient world; and exerted a powerful influence on the shaping of the history of Palestine and the Ancient Near East. They also wore black eye makeup called kohl. The pharaoh got the grain as taxes from the farmers. Their homes were made out of dried mud bricks. The Egyptians kept careful records of the floods and the position of the stars. The study of the land, its natural processes and patterns in its natural environment. The Nile River is so long that eleven countries share the water of the Nile as it passes through Africa. Location, Geography and Climate Ancient Egypt is known to have been the world’s longest lasting civilization due to their unique climatic and geographic conditions, a stable hierarchical society of government, and a religion that revolves around death and afterlife. 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