Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, is considered one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. This FREE and AD-FREE app is the best of all Thirukkural apps available in 7 Languages TAMIL, TELUGU, KANNADA, HINDI, MALAY,… Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural . Father C.J. It is truly an apple of gold in the network of silver." Italian. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. Thirukkural has been translated in as many as 35 global languages, including 27 foreign languages such as English, French, German, Japanese, Latin, Malay, Portuguese and Spanish and Chinese was the latest one. Thirukkural was among the earliest of the Tamil classics translated by the Christian missionaries. Viewing the Kural in all languages. It is a tamil book on philosophy and life in general, written by Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, about 2000 years ago. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. I would like to combine this question with another of the same type I found in the question list of the Quora and give my answer below: I have given below some quotable quotes of western scholars on Thirukural. The great attraction of Thirukkural for the missionaries and others has been its ethical content. Two words that are not in the scriptures are Tamil and God. Thirukkural has been translated into a multitude of world languages including Hindi, Urdu, Latin, French, German and American English. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. [like very much, love; e.g. The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Leo Tolstoy has openly admitted that he has taken the concept of non-violence from a German translation of the Kural. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 17:47. [1] However, these remained incomplete. Thirukkural is and remains to be the book that has been translated into the most number of languages and hence it is called “Ulaga Podhu Marai”. Like the Confucian Lun Yu, which is translated as "Sacred Sayings", the common English rendering of Thiruk-Kural is Sacred Couplets. Thirukkural in Latin (Latina). The first well-known complete German translation was made by Karl Graulin 1856. Gujarati. Pope. In English Rev. There are many others who have translated Thirukkural completely or some parts of it. Thirukkural has been translated into several languages,[12] including a translation into Latin by Constanzo Beschi in 1730, which helped make the work known to European intellectuals. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. Translating the Kural. Back of the Book Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, a living legend, yoga master and author of Merging with Siva, recognized the immense value of the Tirukural in 1949 as a young seeker in Sri Lanka. Emmons E. White, "Thirukkural is a synthesis of the best moral teachings of the world." All the couplets translated by me, either in full or part, have been marked with initials ‘NV’. Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 18:11 November 2018 J. Jaya Parveen and V. Rajesh Tirukkural Translations of G. U. Pope and Rajaji – A Comparative Study 115 1988 focuses on The Problems in the Art of Translation with Special Reference to English Versions of Tirukkural. This FREE and AD-FREE app is the best of all Thirukkural apps available in 10 Languages TAMIL, ARABIC, TELUGU, KANNADA, HINDI, MALAY, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, FRENCH and ENGLISH. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar and dated around the 1st century BCE, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. Thirukkural has many epithets, like vedas of the world, book from god, tamil vedas, words that never fail. Hindi. But no translation has succeeded in capturing the exquisiteness of the original. Thirukkural is a renowned literary work in Tamil composed by the Sage Thiruvalluvar over two millennia ago. Viewing the Kural in all languages. What makes them so popular? However, these remained incomplete. Graul’s translation is considered a scholarly one by various scholars including Kamil Zvelebil, who in 1962 praised the translation thus: "As far as I know, the two best translations of Tirukkural had been till this day, Graul’s old German version … and V. V. S. Iyer’s (translation in English). With Reverso you can find the German translation, definition or synonym for 'Thirukkural and thousands of other words. 1. The term Tirukkural is a compound word made of two individual terms, tiru and kural. G.U. This paper seeks to study his translation of the first section of Thirukkural, The word seven is taken in eight couplets / Kurals. Sri Aurobindo has said: ‘Thirukkural is gnomic poetry, the greatest in planned consumption and force of execution ever written in this kind.’ Each chapter has a specific subject ranging from "ploughing a piece of land" to "ruling a country".According to the LIFCO Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the Tamil word Kural means Venpa verse with two lines.Thirukkural comes under one of the four categories of Venpas (Tamil verses) called Kural Venpa. [5], List of Tirukkural translations by language, Sarvajna and Tiruvalluvar statues installation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tirukkural_translations_into_German&oldid=999336344, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This work is claimed to be one of the most translated work in many languages. It is truly an apple of gold in a network of silver”. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. Many commentaries have been written by several authors in Tamil, English and in other major languages of the world. It has been translated to various other languages There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … [2] The first well-known complete German translation was made by Karl Graul in 1856. Thirukkural has been translated into English by 40 people. The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Researchers have traced the age of this work to 300 BC. Thirukkural is also translated into the Vakpoli language spoken by Nerikurvar. Fragt man, was Gnade ist: Nicht töten – Fleisch essen ist ebensowenig Gnade wie Töten. French. You can complete the translation of 'Thirukkural given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … Decades later he instructed two of his swamis to translate it from classical Tamil into American English and had renowned artist in South India illustrate the 108 chapters. : Ses traductions populaires incluent Tirukkural et Tiruvachagam. The Kural has been translated into more than thirty seven languages of the world. It is the only tamil literary work (possibly after the Bible) that has been translated many times in almost all languages of the world. There are also versions of Thirukkural in French by Monsleur Ariel and in German by Dr. Graul. Chinese. Ein gnomisches Gedicht über die drei Strebeziele des Menschen as the third volume of the four-volume work Bibliotheca Tamulica sive Opera Praecipia Tamuliensium. [citation needed] There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … Tiru is an honorific Tamil term that corresponds to the universally Indian, Sanskrit term sri meaning “holy, sacred, excellent, honorable, and beautiful.” The term tiru has as many as 19 different meanings.Kural means something that is “short, concise, and abridged.” You can complete the translation of 'Thirukkural given by the German-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … Tuesday, 20 June 2006. He published it in 220 pages under the title Der Kural des Tiruvalluver. Since the topics cover all aspects of life, it has a universal appeal and is the only Tamil literary work that has been translated into several languages. Contextual translation of "thirukural essay on ulagam" into Tamil. The word seven is taken in eight couplets / Kurals. His popular translations included those of the Tirukkural and Tiruvachagam. Non-Indian languages: Burmese, Malay, Chinese, Fijian, Latin, French, German, Russian, Polish, Swedish, Thai, and English; The text was likely translated into Indian languages by Indian scholars over the centuries, but the palm leaf manuscripts of such translations have been rare. The book is very well sculptured in the form of 1330 couplets organized into 133 chapters. The word ’70 kodi’ appears only once in Thirukural. Thirukural (or the Kural) is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organized into 133 chapters. learned the Tamil language in order to enjoy Kural in the original and then proceeded to translate it into German in 1854 and into Latin in 1856. Showing page 1. The first translations of the Kural text into German were made by August Friedrich Caemmerer in 1803 and by Friedrich Rückert in 1847. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. Czech. Fr. Two words that are not in the scriptures are Tamil and God. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. It has been translated to various other languages. the Book of Virtue and the Book of Wealth. One of the earliest commentaries on the Thirukkural was by Parimelazhagar, belonging to the 12th century. [coll.] The basic tuition fee for Diploma in Translation in India ranges between INR 3,000 to 5 lacs, for a span of 1 year. Practice Questions for Thirukkural DAY – 1 1 - 50 Questions 15-03-2020 DAY – 2 51 - 100 Questions 16-03-2020 DAY – 3 101 - 150 Questions 17-03-2020 Answer Keys will be uploaded on 18-03-2020 Visit: www.appolosupport.com He has translated works from Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Bengali and Tamil. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. German. It has been translated in more than 30 languages and is the most translated book on ethics in the world next to Bible and Koran. Pope. Die Weisen, die der Leidenschaft den Rücken kehrten, essen nicht den Leib, der dem Leben den Rücken kehrte. Thirukkural has been translated into all the major languages of the World. mögen [auch: gernhaben, lieben] [to press one's thumbs / thumb (for sb.)] It is considered a 'common creed', providing a guide for human morals and betterment in life. Unsurprisingly, children's books and fairy tales dominate the list of the most translated books throughout history. The Thirukkural is one of the most widely translated pieces of Tamil literature. [1] As of 2020, the work has been translated into about 41 world languages. According to Rev. The German translation of Thirukkural influenced Russian writer Tolstoy's thinking on non-violence, Tolstoy's Letter to a Hindu which influenced Mahatma Gandhi's ideas on non-violence includes references to the Thirukkural. Thirukkural in Sanskrit: on 2017/8/9 12:15:14 (1706 reads ) Source INDIA, June 6, 2017 (Lokvani, by K. Arvind): Thirukkural is a renowned literary work in Tamil composed by the Sage Thiruvalluvar over two millennia ago. dict.cc English-German Dictionary: Translation for [ 'Thirukkural '] [hunters' greeting] Waidmanns Heil!hunting to heart sb./sth. It has been translated into Latin, German, French, Dutch, Finish, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Fiji, Malay, and Burmese and into such Indian languages as Sanskrit, Urdu, Marathi, Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, and Malayalam. Authored by the ancient Tamil poet-philosopher Thiruvalluvar and dated around the 1st century BCE, it has been translated into at least 42 world languages, with about 57 different renderings in the English language alone. So far, 96 scholars have translated Thirukkural in English and the first was done by Rev. Thirukkural translation in English-German dictionary. For example, Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. With Reverso you can find the German translation, definition or synonym for 'Thirukkural and thousands of other words. This work is the first translation to the English language. G.U. Thiru + Kural = Thirukkural. the Book of Virtue and the Book of Wealth. In following 37 languages: Arabic. It has lots of exciting features built into it. Valluvar’s Thirukkural has been translated into Latin, German, French, English, Russian and Sinhala. I referred to four concordances, though heavily on the one by Subramanian and Rajalakshmi (1984). The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. After translating a good portion of the Thirukkural, Dr. Graul declared, “No translation can convey any idea of its charming effect. So far, 96 scholars have translated Thirukkural in English and the first was done by Rev. Mahatma Gandhi has said that he came to know about Thirukkural from Leo Tolstoy. Thirukkural (also known as the Kural) is one of the most important works in the Tamil language consisting of 1330 couplets or Kurals. It was authored by Thiruvalluvar. Beschi (1700-1742) translated it into Latin. Among the European languages, German has the third highest number of translations of the Tirukkural, after English and French. Not being a scholar in Tamil, I had to depend on concordances to know the meaning of many words. Sri Aurobindo’s Translation of Thirukkural - Usha Mahadevan Sri Aurobindo was not only a profound scholar, yogi, poet, dramatist and critic but also a translator per excellence. Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, wrote it over 2000 years ago. Human translations with examples: tamil, மீன் கட்டுரை, செல்ல கட்டுரை, … The Thirukkural expounds on various aspects of life and is one of the most important works in the Tamil language. Thiruvalluvar, also popularly known as Valluvar, was a Tamil poet. There are in fact as many as eighty-two translations of the Thirukkural in foreign languages. As of 2014, English language alone had about 57 versions available, which is estimated to have crossed 100 by 2020. most widely translated non-religious works, "Thirukkural translations in different languages of the world", Sarvajna and Tiruvalluvar statues installation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Tirukkural_translations_by_language&oldid=989010367, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 15:18. The first translations of the Kural text into German were made by August Friedrich Caemmerer in 1803 and by Friedrich Rückert in 1847. Unlike other poets, he is a poet of all times. world languages & the electronic text of the work on the Net THIRUKURAL of THIRUVALLUVAR is the most popular, most widely esteemed Tamil Classic of all times. The first translation of the Thirukkural in a European language was done in Latin by Constanzo Beschi, a Jesuit missionary in 1730. It has been translated into Latin, German, French, Dutch, Finish, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Fiji, Malay, and Burmese and into such Indian languages as Sanskrit, Urdu, Marathi, Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, and Malayalam. This paper seeks to study his translation of the first section of Thirukkural, Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 18:11 November 2018 J. Jaya Parveen and V. Rajesh Tirukkural Translations of G. U. Pope and Rajaji – A Comparative Study 115 1988 focuses on The Problems in the Art of Translation with Special Reference to English Versions of Tirukkural. This work is claimed to be one of the most translated work in many languages. Etymology and nomenclature. [literally] [hand gesture in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, etc., meaning to keep one's fingers crossed (for sb.)] Hungarian . Monsieur Ariel, who translated and published the third part of the Kural to French in 1848, called it "a masterpiece of Tamil literature, one of the highest and purest expressions of human thought." G.U Pope’s translation is very widely known. Unrecht ist’s auch jenes Fleisch zu essen. He has translated works from Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Bengali and Tamil. thirukural on the Internet The word ’70 kodi’ appears only once in Thirukural. Thiruvalluvar, one of the greatest authors in Indian history, wrote Thirukkural more than 2000 years ago. Thirukkural with English Couplets by Tamil Chandror Peravai (Translated by Yogi Shuddhananda Bharati [1897]), Tamil Chandror Peravai, 26 Sardar Patel Road, Adyar, Chennai - 600 020 Drew, W.H, Translated by John Lazarus, Thirukkural (Original in Tamil with English Translation), ISBN 81-206-0400-8 Thirukkural is a collection of 1330 Tamil couplets organised into 133 chapters. Presenting the Tamil wisdom literature THIRUKKURAL in different languages of the world. Sri Aurobindo’s Translation of Thirukkural - Usha Mahadevan Sri Aurobindo was not only a profound scholar, yogi, poet, dramatist and critic but also a translator per excellence. It is a tamil book on philosophy and life in general, written by Thiruvalluvar, a sage and philosopher, about 2000 years ago. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. Its appeal is universal. He belongs to the 3rd Sangam period in the history of Tamil literature, somewhere between Third Century and Second Century AD. Caemmerer translated only the first two books, viz. Beschi of the Society of Jesus (1700-1742) translated the first two books of the Kural (Virtue and Wealth) and Reverend G.U. I ♥ NY] jdn./etw. Thirukkural has been translated into English by 40 people. Tirukkural translations. Ein gnomisches Gedicht über die drei Strebeziele des Menschen as the third volume of the … Rev. There are in fact as many as eighty-two translations of the Thirukkural in foreign languages. Caemmerer translated only the first two books, viz. Found 1 sentences matching phrase "Thirukkural".Found in 0 ms. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, is considered one of the most widely translated non … Thirukkural has now been translated into Sanskrit, another classical language of India which is even older than Thirukkural. Tirukkural, also known as the Kural, an ancient Indian treatise on the ethics and morality of the commoner, is one of the most widely translated non-religious works in the world. [citation needed] There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the … For example,Thirukkural is a cir formed by combining the two words Thiru and Kural, i.e. Thirukkural is also translated into the Vakpoli language spoken by Nerikurvar. Thirukkural has been translated in as many as 35 global languages, including 27 foreign languages such as English, French, German, Japanese, Latin, Malay, Portuguese and Spanish and Chinese was the latest one. Karl Graul, who translated the Kural into German had this to say: "No translation can convey an idea of its (Thirukkural's) charming effect. Tödten und Nichttödten. Leute ohne Verblendung essen kernen Körper ohne Leben. Thirukkuṛaḷ is a combined word formed by joining the two words Thiru (meaning revered) and Kural (is a form of poem writing style, like Ballad in English Poems. : Ses traductions populaires incluent Tirukkural et Tiruvachagam. His popular translations included those of the Tirukkural and Tiruvachagam. Fiji. "[3] Speaking about the Kural in his introduction, Graul said, "No translation can convey any idea of its charming effect. Bangla. "[4] The nineteenth century witnessed one more translation by Albrecht Frenz and K. Lalithambal in 1877 (titled Thirukural von Thiruvalluvar aus dem Tamil). There are more than 35 translations of the Kural in English language alone. Thirukkural is structured into 133 chapters, each containing 10 couplets, for a total of 1330 couplets. The Thirukkural, considered equivalent to the Vedas of the Hindu scriptures, has been widely translated both in Indian and European Languages and is among the oldest literary works of the world. One of the earliest commentaries on the Thirukkural was done by a later Tamil poet, Parimelazhagar, in the 12th century CE. Burmese. Latin was the first European language into which the Kural was translated. Dutch. The word "Thirukkural" is composed of two words Thiru and Kural (திரு + குறள்) which mean `Sacred' and `Couplet' respectively. The German-born Nobel prize winner, Dr Albert Schweitzer described the Kural thus: “On the most varied questions concerning the conduct of man to himself and to the world, Thirukural's utterances are characterised by nobility and good sense. Finnish. It is truly an apple of gold in a network of silver. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. There are numerous translations of his work in English. Was ist Huld und ihr Gegentheil? Those students are hired in capacities such as Judiciary Interpreter & Translator, Medical Interpreter & Translator, Sign-Language Interpreter, Conference Interpreter, Guide or Escort Interpreter, Literary Translator, Localization Translator, Language Teacher etc. Translating the Kural. As of 2015, there were at least eight translations of the Kural text available in German. English. He published it in 220 pages under the title Der Kural des Tiruvalluver. It has been translated to various other languages. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. The Thirukkural has been translated into several languages." Thirukkural has been translated into a multitude of world languages including Hindi, Urdu, Latin, French, German and American English. The Thirukkural is one of the most revered ancient works in the Tamil language. Therefore, no translation can do justice to the poetical brevity of the Kural and its delightful rhymes and repetitious words. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived during the 2 nd or 3 rd century A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. In 1856, Karl Graul translated the Kural into German, claiming that the Kural … Thirukkural, one of the most important works in the Tamil language, is a literature on philosophy and life in general. Under the title Der Kural des Tiruvalluver is truly an apple of in. White, `` Thirukkural is structured into 133 chapters volume of the world. history Tamil... Sacred couplets ), has been translated into a multitude of world languages Hindi... And God lacs, for a total of 1330 couplets organized into 133 chapters,! Thumbs / thumb ( for sb. ) over two millennia ago, somewhere between third century and Second AD! Various aspects of life and is one of the four-volume work Bibliotheca Tamulica Opera! Kural, is a collection of 1330 couplets others has been translated into all the couplets translated me... Came to know the meaning of many words is also translated into a multitude of world languages. of. 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And the Book of Wealth Thirukkural expounds on various aspects of life and is one of the Tirukkural and.. In eight couplets / Kurals mahatma Gandhi has said that he has translated works from Greek,,...